Download Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, by Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung PDF

By Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung

ISBN-10: 0268026017

ISBN-13: 9780268026011

The function of Aquinas's Ethics is to put Thomas Aquinas's ethical idea in its complete philosophical and theological context and to take action in a fashion that makes Aquinas (1224/5-1274) without difficulty obtainable to scholars and common readers, together with these encountering Aquinas for the 1st time. Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung, Colleen McCluskey, and Christina Van Dyke start via explaining Aquinas's theories of the human individual and human motion, due to the fact those flooring his ethical idea. of their interpretation, Aquinas's theological commitments crucially form his account of the human individual, human capacities for motion, and human flourishing. The authors increase a entire photo of Aquinas's suggestion, that is designed to assist scholars know the way his thought of happiness and the nice existence are a part of a coherent, theologically-informed worldview.

Many reviews of Aquinas clearly specialise in sure components of his proposal and have a tendency to imagine a normal wisdom of the complete. Aquinas's Ethicstakes the other technique: it deliberately hyperlinks his metaphysics and anthropology to his motion concept and ethics to light up how the ethical thought is outfitted on foundations laid in other places. The authors emphasize the mixing of techniques of advantage, typical legislation, and divine grace inside Aquinas's ethics, instead of treating such subject matters in isolation or competition. Their technique, provided in transparent and intentionally non-specialist language, unearths the coherent nature of Aquinas's account of the ethical existence and of what fulfills us as humans. the result's a wealthy and interesting framework for additional research of Aquinas's concept and its applications.

"Aquinas’s Ethicsis an ideal creation to at least one of the main refined and influential moral structures in Western proposal. DeYoung, McCluskey, and Van Dyke catch the bright readability of Aquinas’s ethical imaginative and prescient, providing an illuminating viewpoint real to either the theoretical intensity and sensible richness of Aquinas’s writings. these new to Aquinas’s rules will locate this publication eminently readable. Everyone—students and students alike—will get pleasure from its direct, detailed voice and transparent philosophical intelligence." —Scott MacDonald, Norma okay. Regan Professor in Christian reviews, Cornell University

"Aquinas's Ethicsis a great contribution to the literature on Aquinas and ethics, supplying an built-in and strong account of the connection among a metaphysics of human nature, usual legislations thought, and advantage conception. exhibiting those inextricable connections, it's very very similar to the paintings of St. Thomas himself, and indicates why such a lot of lesser theories of ethics are unsatisfying for his or her loss of intensity and finished reach." —John Kavanaugh, S.J., Saint Louis University
“DeYoung, McCluskey, and Van Dyke have written the correct creation to Aquinas’s ethics, situating it within the broader context of his considering human nature and action. Although Aquinas cared extra about—and wrote extra about—ethics than approximately the other philosophical subject, it is still the main unjustly overlooked point of his concept. i do know of no higher consultant to that territory than this book.” —Robert Pasnau, collage of Colorado at Boulder

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Extra resources for Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, and Theological Context

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This difference can be made clear with a familiar example in which will and sensory appetite come into conflict. Suppose we have had two chocolate chip cookies, and we are already comfortably full. On the level of sense appetite, we want another one; it smells delicious, and we know it will taste good. On the level of the will, however, we do not want it; we are trying to stay fit, and we know-even before experiencing the sensation-that another cookie will leave us uncomfortably full. We exercise our will, then, in choosing not to eat another cookie; out rational appetite is directed toward what the intellect presents to it as good (namely, promoting our well-being) instead of what simply appeals to our senses.

When he is discussing the particularities of human action, however, he emphasizes the intellect's role over that of the will. He defines happiness as an intellectual vision 9f God, which he calls the beatific vision. IS In fact, he argues that happiness cannot be primarily an act of the will, because an act of the will is not sufficient to guarantee that an end is actually attained. Aquinas gives an example of the greedy man who desires money. His mere desire is not enough to ensure that he will actually attain the money; he must engage in action in orderto acquire it.

Human beings cannot arrive at this ultimate end unless they are properly ordered to it, and they cannot be properly ordered to it unless their wills are oriented in the right way-that is, unless they have upright wills. 20 Furthermore, Aquinas thinks that a certain joy or delight necessarily accompanies the vision of the divine, which human beings would not feel unless they had wills. The will enables us to have the attendant joy when we attain the ultimate end. 21 Hence, happiness consists in knowing and loving God, which comes about only when the intellect and the upright will are fully engaged.

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