By Robert Liddiard
Книга Anglo-Norman Castles Anglo-Norman Castles Книги Дизайн Автор: Robert Liddiard Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Boydell Press Страниц: 432 Размер: 12 MB ISBN: 0851159044 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The castles of the 11th and 12th centuries stay one of the so much obvious symbols of the Anglo-Norman international. This assortment brings jointly for the 1st time probably the most major articles in fortress reports, with contributions from specialists in background, archaeology and old structures.
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Additional info for Anglo-Norman Castles
This readjustment in fortress-tenure may appear to neatly reconcile the interest of lord and vassal but it was clearly a legalistic cloak whereby Philip bolstered his position in his war against the Angevins. In the aftermath of the decisive battle of Bouvines his strengthened negotiating position saw a slightly closer approximation between Carolingian theory and Capetian practice. Whilst historians have always taken a strong interest in the degree of royal control over castle-building and on customary rights over fortifications they have also placed emphasis on the mechanisms by which they were staffed.
90–7; C. W. Hollister, The Military Organization of Norman England (Oxford, 1965); for garrisons see J. Moore, ‘Anglo-Norman Garrisons’, Anglo-Norman Studies xxii (2000), pp. 205–60. 18 ANGLO-NORMAN CASTLES needed to hire a substitute. This could not in fact be the case, as the payment was not enough to hire a substitute for the required period of duty. He suggests instead that tenants owing castle-guard refused to commute their services at the prevailing rates of pay. Rates of commutation were the result of individual bargains struck between lord and vassal.
Higham points out that, far from being ephemeral structures, many had a long life span and also that stone castles frequently retained earth and timber defences well into the later medieval period. If Richard Eales has outlined in the clearest way yet the rapid upsurge in castle-building following 1066, Robert Higham offers a reminder that castles of earth and timber probably constituted the majority of sites during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. This analysis also highlights the fact that for too long castle-studies have suffered from a concentration on stylistic change at a relatively small number of masonry structures.