By Roger Daniels
"Once i presumed to put in writing a background of the immigrants in the US. Then i found that the immigrants were American history," wrote historian Oscar Handlin. Immigrants and generations in their descendants have outlined the yankee country from its starting and proceed to supply America's attribute range, representing virtually each race, nationality, faith, and ethnic team world wide. a few immigrants got here to the hot international looking for financial achieve. Others have been introduced in chains. nonetheless others discovered shelter in the US from non secular or ethnic persecution.
This single-volume encyclopedia contains greater than three hundred entries, protecting a number of facets of immigration historical past and policy:
* ethnic teams, together with census and immigration data, significant sessions of immigration and parts of cost, principal faith, and old background
* key immigration laws, akin to the chinese language Exclusion Act, Immigration Act of 1990, and Refugee Act of 1980
* phrases and ideas, together with eco-friendly card, quota approach, citizen, naturalization, photograph brides, and nativism
* different types of immigrants, together with refugees, indentured servants, teenagers, and exiles
* immigration stations: Angel Island, citadel backyard, and Ellis Island * spiritual teams and church buildings, comparable to Amish, Huguenots, Muslims, and japanese ceremony churches
* additional interpreting lists and cross-references persist with every one entry
An introductory essay offers a cogent evaluation of the full scope of the booklet. greater than a hundred and fifty images and illustrations supplement the entries. Statistical containers complement the articles with key details. an inventory of immigration, ethnic, and refugee enterprises; a consultant to additional learn that comes with books, museums, and internet sites; and an in depth chronology finish this beneficial source for learn in American historical past, ethnic and multicultural reviews, and genealogy.
Oxford's pupil partners to American heritage are state of the art references for faculty and residential, particularly designed and written for a while 12 via grownup. each one booklet is a concise yet entire A-to-Z advisor to an incredible old interval or subject in U.S. background, with articles on key matters and favorite contributors. The authors--distinguished students famous of their components of expertise--ensure that the entries are exact, updated, and available. precise gains comprise an introductory part on how you can use the e-book, extra interpreting lists, cross-references, chronology, and whole index.
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Additional info for American Immigration: A Student Companion (Oxford Student Companions to American History)
Antisemitism in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Jalier, Frederick C. A Scapegoat in the New Wilderness. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994. Arabs 1990 Population: not available Major periods of immigration: 1900-24, 1948+ Major areas of settlement: Northeast, Detroit Although the vast majority of the world's Arabs are Muslim, until the 1970s by far most of the Arabs living in the United States were Christians. They came primarily from what are now Lebanon and Syria, areas that, before World War I, were part of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire.
In the five years after the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union, some 20,000 Armenians immigrated to the United States. SEE ALSO Eastern Orthodox churches; Push; Restrictive covenants FURTHER READING Mirak, Robert. Torn Between Two Lands: Armenians in America, 1890 to World War I. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983. Saroyan, William. My Name is Aram. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1940. Artists, immigrant Before 1700, the fine arts were largely nonexistent in the North American I M M I G R A N T colonies, but after 1700 increased wealth and leisure attracted a number of portrait painters from Europe, including John Smibert from England and Gustavus Hesselius and Pieter Vanderlyn from Holland.
Clannish and undesirable . . " As the 20th century progressed, the image of the Basques changed. Basque sheepherders became greatly prized, so much so that Congress, at the urging of Nevada senator Patrick McCarran, passed special legislation enabling western ranchers to bring in sheepherders as contract laborers. Well into the 1970s the majority of the several thousands thus brought to the United States were Basques, but the relative prosperity of contemporary Spain has caused the program to shift its focus to Latin America.