By Allen, Barbara Carol; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Šljapnikov, Aleksandr G
What emerges from Allen’s political portrait is an outdated Bolshevik who stands in remarkable distinction to Stalin’s and the NKVD’s picture of the precise celebration member.
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Extra info for Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937 : life of an old Bolshevik
100–1. From The Old Belief To Socialism 31 ropagandise amongst workers. Through them, Shlyapnikov organised sd cirp cles at factories throughout Murom. Yanchevskaya, described by him later as a ‘sentimental idealistic populist’, lent him books and copied illegal literature using the hectograph of the Murom railroad administration where she worked. 46 After leaving the Torsk factory in July 1903 for a more demanding, higherpaying job at the Valenkov machine-building factory, Shlyapnikov contacted a workers’ group there which had established ties to Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod sd groups and to Murom intelligenty.
2. 23 Shliapnikov 1935, pp. 31–2. 18 CHAPTER 1 in 1882, while children ages 12–15 were limited to eight hours of work per day. In 1884, children under 15 were prohibited from certain industries entirely. This and subsequent laws limiting child labour marked improvement over the early nineteenth century, when tsarist authorities had encouraged apprenticeships for children as young as ten. 24 His work did not last long, for Khioniya soon dispatched him to Doschatoe to holiday with her family. Alexander and a friend sought work at the foundry in Murom in the summer of 1895.
At the end of 1907, his friends advised him to emigrate. 56 While his comrades worked in the revolutionary underground within Russia, Shlyapnikov entered the world of Russian émigrés in Western Europe. Shlyapnikov left Russia for Geneva in January 1908 under a false name, making his first stop in Austria, where he mailed a letter to his mother, exulting at having escaped the tsarist police’s grasp. Briefly delayed due to misdirection by Bolshevik guides who sent him to Genoa rather than Geneva, he arrived in Switzerland by 6 February.