By Christopher M. Wyatt
At the peak of the :Great video game" in relevant Asia, within the run as much as international struggle I and the aftermath of the second one Afghan struggle, the sector of Afghanistan turned relatively major for either nice Britain and Russia. Afghanistan and the Defence of Empire explores the connection among British and Afghan rulers, throughout the an important interval of the reign of Amir Habibullah Khan, because the British sought to guard their Indian Empire from the specter of Imperial Russia. With Russia’s defeat by the hands of the japanese in 1905 and the increase of Germany as a superpower, the necessity to finish the contention took at the utmost significance: efforts which culminated within the making a song of the Anglo-Russian conference in 1907. because the historical past of Afghanistan turns into ever extra an important for the knowledge of its current army and political scenario, this ebook may be of significant curiosity for college kids of background, significant Asian reports, army background and overseas Relations.
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Additional resources for Afghanistan and the Defence of Empire: Diplomacy and Strategy during the Great Game
31 After having seen these opinions from the Government of India, the Foreign Office put its case through the India Office. The Foreign Office referred the India Office to Lansdowne’s despatch 66A to St Petersburg, which set out the line that the British Government viewed it as acceptable for local communication to happen as long as an arrangement was in place. Lansdowne, however, agreed in principle that the Amir should be consulted over direct relations, believing that he would offer ‘some practical suggestions’ on the issue.
Benckendorff, however, had been absent from London at the time and had not seen it. The Russian Ambassador was told of the British plan to use the Meshed Consulate as a medium of communication and was also reminded of how unfortunate it was in British eyes that the Russian frontier officials sought to deal with Herat direct. Benckendorff replied that he thought it doubtful that the Russian Government would agree to this proposal, even as a temporary measure. He then went on to say that there was nothing wrong with the trans-frontier communications and that such correspondence should be allowed to ‘legitimately take place’.
If this happened, ‘intrigue and disaffection would rapidly spread’. 4 Moreover, Kitchener recognised that, in the event of such an invasion by Russia, there was little that the British could do. He wrote in July 1905, ‘she may at any time seize either Afghan Turkestan or the Herat province with comparative ease and with little risk. ’5 Kitchener had written to Brodrick along the same lines several months earlier, making clear what he meant by ‘practical immunity’:6 The Russians could advance through the low-lands of AfghanTurkestan without firing a shot, except to disperse the paltry and ill-organised Afghan forces that would be opposed to them; and they could rapidly push forward their advanced troops far towards the Hindu Kush, so as to completely cover their convoys and working parties, without any difficulty.