Download Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo PDF

By Barnabas Gikonyo

ISBN-10: 1482232766

ISBN-13: 9781482232769

ISBN-10: 1926895959

ISBN-13: 9781926895956

Due to their excessive development cost, algae, microalgae, and aquatic crops have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel creation. Advances in Biofuel creation: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel creation and bioengineering and considers from a world context the evolving tactics of algal biofuel creation. The booklet appears at how biomass, particularly sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are detailed first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the creation of gas. The feasibility of such initiatives, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel construction are presented.

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Two approaches are being actively researched and developed: (1) metabolic pathways control; (2) cultivation system design. 1 METABOLIC PATHWAYS Microalgae may utilize one or more of the three major metabolic pathways depending on light and carbon conditions: photoautotrophy, heterotrophy, and mixotrophy [6]. Most microalgae are capable of photoautotrophic growth. Photoautotrophic cultivation in open ponds is a simple and lowcost way for large-scale production; however the biomass density is low because of limited light transmission, contamination by other species or bacteria, and low organic carbon concentration [7].

Most microalgae are capable of photoautotrophic growth. Photoautotrophic cultivation in open ponds is a simple and lowcost way for large-scale production; however the biomass density is low because of limited light transmission, contamination by other species or bacteria, and low organic carbon concentration [7]. Some microalgae can make use of organic carbons and O2 to undergo rapid propagation through heterotrophic pathway. Heterotrophic cultivation has drawn increasing attention and it is regarded as the most practical and promising way to increase the productivity [8–10].

Carbon dioxide removal from air by microalgae cultured in a membrane-photobioreactor. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2006, 50, 324–329. ; Noworyta, A. Evaluation of Spirulina sp. growth in photoautotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 2004, 34, 461–465. J. Placing microalgae on the biofuels priority list: A review of the technological challenges. J. R. Soc. Interface 2010, 7, 703–726. Chen, F. High cell density culture of microalgae in heterotrophic growth. Trends Biotechnol.

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