By Bert B. Williams, John L. Gidley, Robert S. Schechter
SPE Monograph quantity 6. This monograph has been ready to function a simple reference for either the sector and learn engineer attracted to constructing a basic figuring out of the acidizing method and systems for designing acid remedies to extend good productiveness.
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Extra resources for Acidizing Fundamentals
By inference, one might assume that the carbon residue test for petroleum was also based on the need to know the amount of volatile material produced during cracking. Therefore, there were continuous attempts to develop methods for petroleum analysis from the modern inception of the industry in 1859 well into the twentieth century. Indeed, although qualitative tests had been used since antiquity, they were highly empirical and amounted to personal spot tests. As the result of the blossoming interest in reagents and reactions in the seventeenth century, there has been a continuing focus on numerous specific tests that have qualitative importance.
A feedstock or product specification is therefore defined as data that give adequate control of feedstock behavior in a refinery or product quality. Thus a specification offers the luxury of predictability of feedstock behavior in a refinery or of product quality (therefore, product behavior) relative to market demand. Ultimately, feedstock behavior and/or product quality is judged by an assessment of performance. And it is performance that is the ultimate criterion of quality. It is therefore necessary to determine those properties, the values of which can be established precisely and relatively simply by inspection tests in a control laboratory, that correlate closely with the important performance properties.
There are many other analytical techniques that could be added to this catalogue of historical reminiscences, but that is not the object of this book. The foregoing section is included to introduce the reader to the historical aspects of petroleum analysis and to show the glimmerings of how it evolved over the twentieth century. Indeed, despite the historical use of petroleum and related materials, the petroleum industry is a modern industry, having come into being in 1859. From these comparatively recent beginnings, petroleum analysis has arisen as a dedicated science.