By Charles Hutton
A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionar is a different sourcebook for historians of arithmetic, astronomy and philosophy. it's Charles Hutton's such a lot famous paintings and commonly thought of to be the successor to John Harris's nice Lexicon Technicum, or an common English Dictionary of the humanities and Sciences (1704). initially released in volumes in 1795-6, this expansive clinical encyclopedia comprises millions of motives of phrases and a wealth of biographical details at the significant British and eu scientists and philosophers. one of the biographical entries, which come with distinct bibliographical descriptions, are Berkeley, Huygens, Boyle, Bacon, Gassendi, Flamsteed, Hooke, Brahe, Newton, Galileo and Halley. the numerous clinical phrases are concisely defined and illuminated by way of examples and illustrations.
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Additional resources for A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary: Containing an Explanation of the Terms, and an Account of the Several Subjects, comprized under the heads ( Writings of the most Eminent Authors, etc)
Why then is Kant not content with using an argument like the one above? The nub of the Cartesian argument lies in the idea that the notion of a non-existent God is inherently contradictory. For Descartes, to think God as non-existent is to think a predicate that contradicts its subject, like a triangle that does not have three angles. Existence belongs to the very definition of God, just as the triad of angles belongs to the very definition of triangle. But in order to disqualify this argument, it is imperative for Kant to demonstrate that there is in fact no contradiction involved in maintaining that God does not exist.
Consequently, it would become possible to obtain positive knowledge of the thing-in-itself through the use of a logical principle alone. What principle underlies Kant’s critique of Descartes? As we know, this critique proceeds by denying that contradiction can obtain anywhere except between an already existing entity and one of its predicates. If we assume that a triangle exists, we cannot, on pain of contradiction, attribute to it more or less than three angles. ’3 Thus, the subject of a proposition can never impose its existence upon thought solely by virtue of its concept, for being is never part of the concept of the subject, it is never its predicate – it is added to this concept as a pure positing.
It is no longer a matter of ‘X is thus, therefore X must be’, but ‘if as a matter of fact X is given as thus, then it has as its condition to be thus’. e. about whether or not there are universal conditions of language and the given. Strong correlationism is not always thematized as such by those who espouse it – yet its contemporary predominance seems to us to be intimately connected to the immunity from the constraints of conceptual rationality which religious belief currently seems to enjoy.