By Blendi Kajsiu
Why did Albania take pleasure in the most winning anti-corruption courses and associations besides what seemed to be turning out to be degrees of corruption throughout the interval 1998-2005? taking a look at corruption via a post-structuralist discourse research point of view this publication argues that the dominant corruption discourse in Albania served essentially to institute the neoliberal order instead of dispose of corruption. It did so in 4 interrelated methods. First, blaming each Albanian failure on corruption shunned a severe engagement with the present neoliberal developmental version. moment, the dominant articulation of corruption as abuse of public workplace for personal achieve consigned it to the general public area, reworking neoliberal regulations of privatisation and increasing markets into anticorruption measures. 3rd, overseas anticorruption campaigns reproduced an uneven courting of dependency among Albania and the overseas associations that monitored it via articulating corruption as inner to the Albanian situation. eventually, opposed to corruption foreign and native actors may perhaps articulate a neoliberal order that was once freed from inner contradictions and completely suitable with democratization. As a unprecedented instance of post-structuralist discourse research of corruption this booklet may be important for destiny learn on discourses of corruption in different nations of the sector and past.
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Extra resources for A Discourse Analysis of Corruption: Instituting Neoliberalism Against Corruption in Albania 1998-2005
On the one hand, such a definition is very narrow as it focuses only on the public office as well as on corruption as an individual transgression. On the other hand, the definition is too broad because in practice endless phenomena can be fitted within it. 1241). A search for the essence of corruption would focus on its continuity across time and space, ignoring how different political contexts and agendas have produced different understandings of corruption. In order to avoid the above pitfalls, it is important to approach corruption from an anti-essentialist perspective.
As a consequence, state intervention into the economy became synonymous with corruption as it created corrupt incentives. 575). 544). After all, the rent-seeking theorists were ‘obsessed with demonstrating the negative impact of government on the economy. 24). 207) who approached corruption from a principal–agent framework advising against simplistic solutions that aimed to eradicate corruption simply by reducing government involvement in economic life as idealizing ‘the private sector area in an entirely illegitimate way’.
Because the government enjoyed a monopolistic position in the market it provided rent-seeking opportunities for its employees, the public servants. They, on the other hand, would not hesitate to seize such opportunities, for as rational economic actors, they were driven by utility (profit) maximization. Similarly to a player in the market a government official sought to maximize his/her income from her/his public position weighing the benefits from the bribes he/she received against the costs of getting caught and punished.